The Accumulator Pattern with StringsΒΆ

We can also accumulate strings rather than accumulating numbers. The following program isn’t particularly useful for data processing, but we will see more useful things later that accumulate strings.

Look carefully at line 4 in the above program (ac = ac + c + "-" + c + "-"). In words, it says that the new value of ac will be the old value of ac concatenated with the current character, a dash, then the current character and a dash again. We are building the result string character by character.

Take a close look also at the initialization of ac. We start with an empty string and then begin adding new characters to the end. Also note that I have given it a different name this time, ac instead of accum. There’s nothing magical about these names. You could use any valid variable and it would work the same (try substituting x for ac everywhere in the above code).

Check your understanding


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